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Opium E-newsletter 28.08.2019
 Opium Publication Essay

TheВ FirstВ OpiumВ WarВ startedВ inВ 1730В andВ endedВ inВ 1860В В

Timeline: В

1730: В AroundВ 15В tonsВ ofВ BritishВ OpiumВ wasВ exportedВ toВ China. В В

1773: В MoreВ OpiumВ wasВ exportedВ toВ China, В thisВ time, В aroundВ 75В tons. В В

1799: В TheВ QingВ EmpireВ bannedВ theВ useВ ofВ OpiumВ products. В В

1830: В TheВ Uk В dependenceВ onВ opiumВ useВ isВ atВ itsВ highestВ point, В importingВ 22, 000В poundsВ ofВ opiumВ fromВ TurkeyВ andВ India. В

1837: В ElizabethВ BarrettВ BrowningВ fallsВ byВ theВ useВ ofВ morphine. 'В В

1839: В LinВ TseВ­Hsu, В imperialВ ChineseВ commissionerВ inВ chargeВ ofВ suppressingВ theВ opiumВ traffic, В ordersВ allВ foreignВ tradersВ toВ giveВ upВ theirВ opium. В TheВ BritishВ sendВ expeditionaryВ warshipsВ toВ theВ coastВ ofВ China, В beginningВ TheВ FirstВ OpiumВ War. В

1840: В NewВ EnglandersВ bringВ twenty-four, 000В poundsВ ofВ OpiumВ intoВ UnitedВ States. В TheВ QingВ EmperorВ askedВ allВ foreignersВ inВ ChinaВ toВ haltВ materialВ assistanceВ toВ theВ BritishВ inВ China. В InВ retaliation, В BritishВ attackedВ Guangdong. В

1841: В TheВ United kingdom В capturedВ theВ BogueВ capes. В TheВ ChineseВ areВ defeatedВ byВ theВ BritishВ inВ theВ FirstВ OpiumВ War. В HongВ KongВ isВ cededВ toВ theВ British. В В

1842: В TheВ British В defeatedВ theВ ChineseВ atВ theВ mouthВ ofВ theВ YangtzeВ RiverВ andВ occupiedВ Shanghai. В TheВ TreatyВ ofВ NankingВ wasВ signedВ betweenВ BritainВ andВ China. В В

1843: В Dr . В AlexanderВ WoodВ of В Edinburgh В discoversВ aВ newВ techniqueВ ofВ administeringВ morphine, В injectionВ withВ aВ syringe. В

HeВ findsВ the В effectsВ ofВ morphineВ onВ hisВ patientsВ instantaneous В andВ threeВ timesВ moreВ potent. В

1852В: В TheВ BritishВ arriveВ inВ lowerВ BurmaВ

TheyВ importВ large В amountsВ ofВ opiumВ by В India В andВ sellВ itВ throughВ aВ governmentВ­controlledВ opiumВ monopoly. В

1856: В TheВ British В andВ FrenchВ renewВ theirВ hostilitiesВ againstВ ChinaВ inВ theВ SecondВ OpiumВ War. В

TheВ BritishВ attackedВ GuangzhouВ fromВ theВ PearlВ RiverВ ThereВ wasВ anВ attemptВ toВ poisonВ theВ BritishВ SuperintendentВ ofВ TradeВ inВ HongВ KongВ В В

1858: В

TheВ XianfengВ EmperorВ bought...

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